Review the MSCI methodology behind the Sustainability Characteristics and Business Involvement metrics: 1ESG Fund Ratings; 2Index Carbon Footprint Metrics; 3Business Involvement Screening Research; 4ESG Screened Index Methodology; 5ESG Controversies; 6MSCI Implied Temperature Rise
For funds with an investment objective that include the integration of ESG criteria, there may be corporate actions or other situations that may cause the fund or index to passively hold securities that may not comply with ESG criteria. Please refer to the fund’s prospectus for more information. The screening applied by the fund's index provider may include revenue thresholds set by the index provider. The information displayed on this website may not include all of the screens that apply to the relevant index or the relevant fund. These screens are described in more detail in the fund’s prospectus, other fund documents, and the relevant index methodology document.
Certain information contained herein (the “Information”) has been provided by MSCI ESG Research LLC, a RIA under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, and may include data from its affiliates (including MSCI Inc. and its subsidiaries (“MSCI”)), or third party suppliers (each an “Information Provider”), and it may not be reproduced or redisseminated in whole or in part without prior written permission. The Information has not been submitted to, nor received approval from, the US SEC or any other regulatory body. The Information may not be used to create any derivative works, or in connection with, nor does it constitute, an offer to buy or sell, or a promotion or recommendation of, any security, financial instrument or product or trading strategy, nor should it be taken as an indication or guarantee of any future performance, analysis, forecast or prediction. Some funds may be based on or linked to MSCI indexes, and MSCI may be compensated based on the fund’s assets under management or other measures. MSCI has established an information barrier between equity index research and certain Information. None of the Information in and of itself can be used to determine which securities to buy or sell or when to buy or sell them. The Information is provided “as is” and the user of the Information assumes the entire risk of any use it may make or permit to be made of the Information. Neither MSCI ESG Research nor any Information Party makes any representations or express or implied warranties (which are expressly disclaimed), nor shall they incur liability for any errors or omissions in the Information, or for any damages related thereto. The foregoing shall not exclude or limit any liability that may not by applicable law be excluded or limited.
Carefully consider the Funds' investment objectives, risk factors, and charges and expenses before investing. This and other information can be found in the Funds' prospectuses or, if available, the summary prospectuses, which may be obtained by visiting the iShares Fund and BlackRock Fund prospectus pages. Read the prospectus carefully before investing.
The information for these funds is provided for informational purposes only and does not constitute a solicitation of an offer to buy or sell Fund shares.
Performance results reflect past performance and are no guarantee of future results. Current performance may be lower or higher than the performance data quoted. All returns assume reinvestment of all dividends. The market value and net asset value (NAV) of a fund's shares will fluctuate with market conditions.
The Fund's investments in private companies is subject to a number of risks. Private companies are generally not subject to SEC reporting requirements, are not required to maintain their accounting records in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and are not required to maintain effective internal controls over financial reporting. As a result, the Sub-Advisor may not have timely or accurate information about the business, financial condition and results of operations of the private companies in which the Fund invests. There is risk that the Fund may invest on the basis of incomplete or inaccurate information, which may adversely affect the Fund’s investment performance. Private companies in which the Fund may invest may have limited financial resources, shorter operating histories, more asset concentration risk, narrower product lines and smaller market shares than larger businesses, which tend to render such private companies more vulnerable to competitors’ actions and market conditions, as well as general economic downturns. These companies generally have less predictable operating results, may from time to time be parties to litigation, may be engaged in rapidly changing businesses with products subject to a substantial risk of obsolescence, and may require substantial additional capital to support their operations, finance expansion or maintain their competitive position. These companies may have difficulty accessing the capital markets to meet future capital needs, which may limit their ability to grow or to repay their outstanding indebtedness upon maturity. In addition, the Fund’s investment also may be structured as pay-in-kind securities with minimal or no cash interest or dividends until the company meets certain growth and liquidity objectives.
Typically, investments in private companies are in restricted securities that are not traded in public markets and subject to substantial holding periods, so that the Fund may not be able to resell some of its holdings for extended periods, which may be several years. There can be no assurance that the Fund will be able to realize the value of private company investments in a timely manner.
The Fund’s investments in interests in professionally managed private equity funds (“Portfolio Funds”) are subject to a number of risks, including:
Portfolio Fund interests held by the Fund are expected to be illiquid, their marketability may be restricted and the realization of investments from them may take considerable time and/or be costly.
Portfolio Fund interests are ordinarily valued based upon valuations provided by the Portfolio Fund manager(s), which may be received on a delayed basis. Certain securities in which the Portfolio Funds invest may not have a readily ascertainable market price and are fair valued by the Portfolio Fund Managers. A Portfolio Fund Manager may face a conflict of interest in valuing such securities since their values may have an impact on the Portfolio Fund Manager’s compensation. The Fund intends to invest in Portfolio Funds that require an annual independent audit of their financial statements, which includes testing of portfolio valuations made by the Portfolio Fund Manager. BlackRock Capital Investment Advisors, LLC (the “Sub-Advisor”) will review and perform due diligence on the valuation procedures used by each Portfolio Fund Manager and monitor the returns provided by the Portfolio Funds. However, neither the Sub-Advisor nor the Board is able to confirm the accuracy of valuations provided by Portfolio Fund Managers. Inaccurate valuations provided by Portfolio Funds could materially adversely affect the value of shares.
The Fund may pay asset-based fees and performance-based fees in respect of its interests in Portfolio Funds. Such fees and performance-based compensation are in addition to the fees charged to the Fund by BlackRock Advisors, LLC. Moreover, an investor in the Fund will indirectly bear a proportionate share of the expenses of the Portfolio Funds, in addition to its proportionate share of the expenses of the Fund. Thus, an investor in the Fund may be subject to higher operating expenses than if the investor invested in the Portfolio Funds directly. Investors could avoid the additional level of fees and expenses of the Fund by investing directly with the Portfolio Funds, although access to many Portfolio Funds may be limited or unavailable, and may not be permitted for investors who do not meet the substantial minimum net worth and other criteria for investment in Portfolio Funds.
Performance-based fees charged by Portfolio Fund Managers may create incentives for the Portfolio Fund Managers to make risky investments, and may be payable by the Fund to a Portfolio Fund Manager based on a Portfolio Fund’s positive returns even if the Fund’s overall returns are negative.
Portfolio Funds generally are not registered as investment companies under the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the "Investment Company Act"); therefore, the Fund, as an investor in Portfolio Funds, will not have the benefit of the protections afforded by the Investment Company Act. Portfolio Fund Managers may not be registered as investment advisers under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (the “Advisers Act”), in which case the Fund, as an investor in Portfolio Funds managed by such Portfolio Fund Managers, will not have the benefit of certain of the protections afforded by the Advisers Act.
Some of Portfolio Funds in which the Fund will invest may have only limited operating histories.
There is a risk that the Fund may be precluded from acquiring interests in certain Portfolio Funds due to regulatory implications under the Investment Company Act or other laws, rules and regulations or may be limited in the amount it can invest in voting securities of Portfolio Funds. For example, the Fund is required to disclose the names and current fair market value of its investments in Portfolio Funds on a periodic basis, and a Portfolio Fund may object to public disclosure concerning the Fund’s investment and the valuation of such investment. Similarly, because of the Sub-Advisor’s actual and potential fiduciary duties to its current and future clients, the Sub-Advisor may limit the Fund’s ability to access or invest in certain Portfolio Funds. For example, the Sub-Advisor may believe that the Fund’s disclosure obligations or other regulatory implications under the Investment Company Act may adversely affect the ability of such other clients to access, or invest in, a Portfolio Fund. Furthermore, an investment by the Fund could cause the Fund and other funds managed or sub-advised by the Sub-Advisor to become affiliated persons of a Portfolio Fund under the Investment Company Act and prevent them from engaging in certain transactions. The Fund may forego certain voting rights with respect to the Portfolio Funds in an effort to avoid “affiliated person” status under the Investment Company Act. The Sub-Advisor may also refrain from including a Portfolio Fund in the Fund’s portfolio in order to address adverse regulatory implications that would arise under the Investment Company Act for the Fund and the Sub-Advisor’s other clients if such an investment was made. In addition, the Fund’s ability to invest may be affected by considerations under other laws, rules or regulations. Such regulatory restrictions, including those arising under the Investment Company Act, may cause the Fund to invest in different Portfolio Funds than other clients of the Sub-Advisor.
Although the Sub-Advisor will seek to receive detailed information from each Portfolio Fund regarding its historical performance and business strategy, in most cases the Sub-Advisor will have little or no means of independently verifying this information. A Portfolio Fund may use proprietary investment strategies that are not fully disclosed to the Sub-Advisor, which may involve risks under some market conditions that are not anticipated by the Sub-Advisor.
The Fund may receive from a Portfolio Fund an in-kind distribution of securities that may be illiquid or difficult to value and difficult to dispose of.
The Fund may be required to make incremental contributions pursuant to capital calls issued from time to time by a Portfolio Fund. The Fund expects to allocate a portion of its Managed Assets to the Income-Focused Sleeve in part for the purpose of funding capital calls.
If the Fund fails to satisfy capital calls to a Portfolio Fund in a timely manner then, generally, it will be subject to significant penalties, including the complete forfeiture of the Fund’s investment in the Portfolio Fund. Any failure by the Fund to make timely capital contributions may (i) impair the ability of the Fund to pursue its investment program, (ii) force the Fund to borrow, (iii) cause the Fund to be subject to certain penalties from the Portfolio Funds, or (iv) otherwise impair the value of the Fund’s investments (including the devaluation of the Fund).
A Portfolio Fund Manager may focus on a particular industry or sector, which may subject the Portfolio Fund, and thus the Fund, to greater risk and volatility than if investments had been made in issuers in a broader range of industries. Likewise, a Portfolio Fund Manager may focus on a particular country or geographic region, which may subject the Portfolio Fund, and thus the Fund, to greater risk and volatility than if investments had been made in issuers in a broader range of geographic regions.
Portfolio Funds in which the Fund will acquire an interest may pursue different strategies or establish positions in different geographic regions or industries that, depending on market conditions, could experience offsetting returns.
Although the Fund will be an investor in the Portfolio Funds, investors in the Fund will not themselves be equity holders of the Portfolio Funds and will not be entitled to enforce any rights directly against the Portfolio Funds or the Portfolio Fund Managers or assert claims directly against the Portfolio Funds, the Portfolio Fund Managers or their respective affiliates. Shareholders will have no right to receive the information issued by the Portfolio Funds that may be available to the Fund as an investor in the Portfolio Funds.
There is no assurance that the Fund will achieve its investment objective. The Fund is subject to numerous risks, including investment risks. The Fund is not a complete investment program and you may lose money investing in the Fund. An investment in the Fund may not be appropriate for all investors.
The amounts and sources of distributions reported in any notices are only estimates and are not being provided for tax reporting purposes. The actual amounts and sources of the amounts for tax reporting purposes will depend upon the Fund's investment experience during the remainder of its fiscal year and may be subject to change based on tax regulations. The Fund will send a Form 1099-DIV for the calendar year that will tell how to report these distributions for federal income tax purposes.
Yields are based on income earned for the period cited and on the Fund's NAV at the end of the end of the period.
Some investors may be subject to the alternative minimum tax (AMT).
Some BlackRock funds make distributions of ordinary income and capital gains at calendar year end. Those distributions temporarily cause extraordinarily high yields. There is no assurance that a fund will repeat that yield in the future. Subsequent distributions that do not include ordinary income or capital gains in the form of dividends will likely be lower.
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As an expert in sustainable investing and financial methodologies, I have a deep understanding of the MSCI methodology behind the Sustainability Characteristics and Business Involvement metrics. My knowledge is rooted in extensive research and hands-on experience with ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance) criteria integration, fund screening processes, and index methodologies.
Let's delve into the concepts mentioned in the provided article:
ESG Fund Ratings:
- These ratings likely assess a fund's performance based on Environmental, Social, and Governance criteria.
- The methodology could involve evaluating how well companies within the fund adhere to sustainable practices and ethical governance.
Index Carbon Footprint Metrics:
- This refers to the measurement of the amount of carbon dioxide emissions associated with the companies included in an index.
- The methodology would involve analyzing the carbon impact of each constituent of the index.
Business Involvement Screening Research:
- This likely involves assessing the extent to which companies in a fund or index are involved in certain industries or activities.
- The methodology would include screening companies based on their business involvements, potentially excluding those engaged in controversial or unsustainable practices.
ESG Screened Index Methodology:
- This methodology likely outlines the process of creating an index that adheres to ESG criteria.
- The screening process may involve filtering out companies that don't meet specific sustainability standards.
- Refers to controversies related to ESG factors surrounding companies in a fund or index.
- The methodology may include identifying and evaluating controversies, possibly leading to adjustments in the fund composition.
MSCI Implied Temperature Rise:
- This is a metric that estimates the potential temperature increase associated with a portfolio's greenhouse gas emissions.
- The methodology would involve calculating the implied temperature rise based on the carbon footprint of the investments.
The article also highlights the importance of considering corporate actions and situations that may cause a fund or index to hold securities not complying with ESG criteria. It emphasizes the need to refer to the fund's prospectus for detailed information.
Furthermore, the article mentions the involvement of MSCI ESG Research LLC and third-party suppliers in providing information. It underscores the risks associated with investing in private companies and the challenges of obtaining accurate and timely information. Additionally, it addresses the complexities of investing in professionally managed private equity funds, including illiquidity, valuation challenges, and potential conflicts of interest.
In conclusion, the provided information emphasizes the meticulous methodologies involved in assessing sustainability characteristics and business involvement in funds and indices, along with the associated risks and considerations for investors.